Forensic Psychologists usually take basic social and cognitive principles and apply them to the Legal System. They assess the memory and reliability of eyewitnesses and non-witnesses. Participate in the selection of jurors, conduct the In-Court Interview, the evaluations of Adult or Minor victims, accused, investigate the suitability of the Custody assignment and several more
The role extends to Special Witness, Forensic Expert or Technical Advisor. The Cases he can undertake are Civil, Criminal and Family Law. He should, after the evaluation, translate the psychological findings into the language of the court, so that they can be understood. To be considered credible, a Forensic Psychologist must know the philosophy and rules of the legal system.
It can also cooperate with the Police or the Investigative Authorities, thus taking part in the whole process by assessing the special needs of the suspects or accused. In these cases he will evaluate the Personality, the psycho-emotional and the spiritual condition in order to create a Profile (Offender Profiling). It is therefore necessary to examine how maladaptive criminal behaviors and various mental and cognitive processes can distort the individual’s thinking and potentially lead to criminal behavior.